today, hidden Confucian values often appear through the veneer of 20th century sophistication that the son remained implicitly
obedient throughout his life and, when the parent died, became an object of worshipful veneration. This obedience
and loyalty never wavered.
From the Confucian values, the Martial
Arts student learned a deep sense of respect for his teachers. This relationship has always been an important one. An
old Korean proverb states, "father and mother are the parents who bring me up, while a teacher is the parent who educates
me". That is the reason why a student was expected to pay as much respect to his teacher as he would to his parents.
Thus the personal bond of loyalty and respect towards the teachers and parents formed a national and family structure.
Though a subject may owe fealty to his King, the King must show respect and loyalty to his teacher---as Alexander the
Great did to Aristotle.
Though a father may love his son, he can
never become his teacher. The father/son relationship is emotional and all objectivity is lost. Without this objectivity,
it is nearly impossible to institute and continue absolute control with the learning system.
There is an old Korean proverb,
"Parents may procreate children, but not
their purpose in life". The greatest challenge and reward for a parent is being able to provide the guidance that will
make the child a useful and respected member of the society.
Obviously, it is a
parent's responsibility to provide the proper education which will broaden the child's knowledge and imbue him or her
with a good sense of ethics and morality. It is often impossible for the parents themselves, however, to provide the
correct education the child needs. This is because the parent hesitates to force discipline on their children in
an objective manner. There is a subconscious fear that it will create a breach in their relationship. Confucius advised,
"Children should be exchanged
and taught by concerned parents."To teach another's child to become a person of good character, according to the wishes of
his or her own parents is a great responsibility. In the eyes of the student, his teacher will occupy an equal position
with his own parents. There is truth in the adage that the King, Teacher and Father are one and equal. There must certainly
be a degree of love and understanding in all the above relationships, but there must also be a degree of objectivity.
This same relationship must also be present in the Martial Arts.
The responsibility of teaching this art
by instructors whose eventual mission will be to teach students to be physically and morally strong and to help contribute
to a more peaceful world. Certainly a dedicated and sincere instructor is an absolute necessity for any club or
school. The club cannot grow and mature with a cadre of equally dedicated and sincere students. Accordingly both instructor
student owe a debt of responsibility to each other that can never be paid.
following point should be observed by instructors and students alike:
Never tire of teaching. A good instructor can teach anywhere, anytime, and is always ready to answer questions.
An instructor should be eager for
his students to surpass him; it is the ultimate compliment for an instructor.
A student should never be held back. If
the instructor realizes his student has developed beyond his/her teaching capabilities, the student should be sent to a higher
An instructor must always set a
good example for his students and never attempt to defraud them. The development of students should take precedence
Once an instructor becomes concerned with
materialism, he will lose the respect of his students.
Instructors should teach scientifically
and theoretically to save time and energy.
Instructors should help
students develop good contacts outside the club.
It is an instructor's responsibility to
develop students outside as well as inside the training hall.
Students should be encouraged to visit
other training halls and study other techniques. Students who are forbidden to visit other clubs are likely to
become rebellious. There are two advantages for allowing students to visit other gyms; not only is there the possibility
that a student may observe a technique that is ideally suited for him, but be may also have a chance to learn by comparing
his techniques to inferior techniques.
All students should be treated
equally, there should be no favorites.
Students should always be scolded in private,
never in front of the class.
If the instructor is not able to
answer a student's question, he should not fabricate an answer, but admit he does not know and attempt to find he answer
as soon as possible. Too often a lower degree black belt dispenses illogical answers to his students merely because he
is afraid of "losing face" because he does not know the answer. Always be honest with students.
Never betray a trust.
Students Never tire of learning.
A good student can learn anywhere, anytime. This is the secret of knowledge.
A good student must be willing to sacrifice
for his art and instructor.
Many students feel that their training
is a commodity bought with monthly dues, and are unwilling to take part in demonstrations, teaching, and working
around the club. An instructor can afford to lose this type of student.
Always set a good example for lower ranking
belt students. It is only natural they will attempt to emulate senior students.
Always be loyal and never criticize instructorsteaching
If an instructor teaches a technique,
practice it and attempt to utilize it.
Remember that a student's conduct
outside the club reflects on the art and the instructor.
If a student adopts a technique from another
club and instructor disapproves of it, the student must discard it immediately or train at the gym where the technique
Never be disrespectful to the instructor.
Though a student is allowed to disagree with the instructor, the student must first follow the instruction and then
discuss the matter later.
A student must always be eager to learn
and ask questions.
Never break a trust.